So far, no definite methods are available any where in the world for absolute determination of age of the ink used for signatures or handwriting and even for the paper used. However in a few cases it would be possible to distinguish the relative differences in writing characteristics of a person with the advent of age. Such secondary differences can be identified if standard writings of different time periods are available, which can discriminate the age and time related variations.
Any Questioned/Suspected/Disputed documents for examination of handwritings or signatures can be sent preferably through a responsible person or when not possible via registered post. The documents should be furnished with a forwarding letter stating the type of forensic services required and the details of enclosures sent. Incase of signatures, please mark the Disputed Signature as ‘Q’ and the Standard or Specimen signatures sent for comparison as ‘S’. Truth Labs is not responsible for improper delivery of registered letters/parcels resulting in loss or damage or pilferage of documents.
Once the documents are received at Truth Labs the case will be registered, and an acknowledgment letter for the receipt of the documents is sent immediately.
‘Specimen’ signatures are signatures of the concerned person taken either in an open court or by the forensic experts for the purpose of examination in the presence of independent witnesses having good social reputation/background.
The basic requirement of the ‘Standard Writings and Signatures’ is that these must contain a sufficient amount of material to give a full picture or should be indicative of the writer’s writing habits during the period, or as near thereto as possible when the questioned writings were supposed to have been written.
Standard documents can be any document having signatures and handwriting’s written in normal course such as court documents, bank statements, receipts, wills, written statements, letters, academic notes, applications, affidavits etc. bearing ‘Admitted’ signatures or handwriting’s of the person. It is advisable to give ‘Standards’ from the same time period as the questioned, wherever possible.
Handwriting examination is conducted by comparing signatures and writings. Hence, along with the document containing questioned signatures/handwriting’s, sufficient ‘Standard’ and ‘Specimen’ signatures/ handwriting’s are to be submitted.
Although originals are preferred for examination of signatures/handwritings, clear photocopies can also be submitted on which opinions can be given in most of the cases. However there are certain limitations with the examination of photocopies.
All types of document forgeries, handwritings and signatures; written, typed, printed, erased, altered, obliterated and tampered etc. including forged stamp papers, postal orders, cheques, drafts, mark lists, counterfeit currency, sale deeds, labels, share certificates or any other documents encountered in civil or criminal cases.
Any surface containing handwritten, typewritten, machine printed markings or inscriptions on paper, wall, skin, floor etc. whose authenticity is disputed, suspected or questioned is a Questioned Document.